“Women Cannot Be Denied Right To Autonomy In The Garb of Protection”:Women’s Rights Group Moves Allahabad HC Against UP Anti-Conversion Ordinance

first_imgTop Stories”Women Cannot Be Denied Right To Autonomy In The Garb of Protection”:Women’s Rights Group Moves Allahabad HC Against UP Anti-Conversion Ordinance Akshita Saxena18 Jan 2021 12:48 AMShare This – xA Lucknow based women’s rights group, Association for Advocacy and Legal Initiatives, has moved the Allahabad High Court seeking to intervene in the ongoing proceedings against the Anti-Conversion Ordinance passed by the UP Government.The High Court has allowed the intervention application filed through Advocate Vrinda Grover. At the outset, the application alleges that the Ordinance has…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginA Lucknow based women’s rights group, Association for Advocacy and Legal Initiatives, has moved the Allahabad High Court seeking to intervene in the ongoing proceedings against the Anti-Conversion Ordinance passed by the UP Government.The High Court has allowed the intervention application filed through Advocate Vrinda Grover. At the outset, the application alleges that the Ordinance has a ‘disproportionate impact’ on the constitutional rights of women, especially under Articles 14, 15, 19, 21 and 25 of the Constitution, as well as an egregious impact on Constitutional rights of all citizens. Further, the organization has resisted the UP Government’s claim that conversion for marriage is not out of choice but due to intervention of personal law. No conflict between choice to marry and religious conversion under personal laws The organization has submitted that there is no conflict in law between an individual’s right to choice in marriage and the right to practice a religion of one’s belief. To substantiate this, it has submitted, “The Special Marriage Act, 1954, allows for inter faith marriages in India, and there is no compulsion to convert one’s religion under personal laws to exercise the choice to marry someonc outside one’s faith. It is only those persons who wish to practise the faith of their marital partner who choose to convert their religion for the purpose of marriage.” Also Read: Mandatory Publication Of Notice Of Intended Marriage Under Special Marriage Act Violates Right To Privacy: Allahabad High Court It is asserted that there is no systemic compulsion to convert one’s religion to marry a person of another religion. “The choice to abide by and fall within the jurisdiction of some personal law a for the purpose of marriage is thus a real choice borne out of free will and volition. There is thus no conflict between the freedom of choice and the right to one’s dignity when it comes to conversion for marriage, as human dignity is best protected when one’s choice to convert (or not) for marriage is respected,” the application states. Individual Autonomy and Freedom of Choice of women are protected under Article 21 The organization has argued that the impugned ordinance, in so far as it outlaws conversion for the sole purpose of marriage, infantilizes the legitimate choice made by an adult person who voluntarily chooses to opt for a way of life by converting their religion to that of their partner to marriage. Reliance is placed on the Supreme Court’s decision in Shefin Jahan v. Asokan KM, (2018) 16 SCC 368, where it categorically injuncted that the State must not interfere in the private lives of citizens, especially in affairs pertaining to the choice of spouse in marriage, and that the State must be committed to promoting and protecting the plurality and diversity of India’s culture, including where it manifests in intimate personal choices and decisions. UP Ordinance On Conversion Is Nothing But Criminalization Of Inter-Faith Marriages : Petitioner’s Rejoinder In Allahabad High Court The application also refers to the case of Shakti Vahini v. Union of India, (2018) 7 SCC 192, where the Supreme Court held that, “The choice of an individual is an inextricable part of dignity. for dignity’ cannot be thought of where there is erosion of choice…When two adults marry out of their volition, they choose their path; they consummate their relationship; they feel that it is their goal and they have the right to do so. And it can unequivocally be stated that they have the right and any infringement of the said right is a constitutional violation.” Women cannot be denied right to autonomy in the garb of protection Referring to the Supreme Court’s findings in Anuj Garg v. Hotel Association of India (2008) 3 SCC 1 against overstepping women’s autonomy and their right to take decisions as adults in the garb of protection, the organization submits, “The impugned Ordinance if tested with strict scrutiny, reveals that the absence of a narrow definition of “aggrieved person”, and the broad provision allowing family relatives to file FIRs, leads to complete annihilation of the individual autonomy and liberty of women who are given no say in determining the legitimacy of their conversion if it is followed by marriage. The impugned Ordinance promotes gender stereotypes which views the right of the family or community as supreme and while treating women as repositories of ‘honour’, deprives her of her personality, privacy and dignity.” Further, it is alleged that the Proviso to Section 5(1) of the impugned Ordinance classifies women along with members of the SC/ST community and minors as a vulnerable class, and provides enhanced punishment for conversion of a woman as opposed to that of a man. “The classification of women and men as two distinct classes of victims with separate punishment for both is unreasonable as it has no nexus to any legitimate object. and is a result of a stereotypical notion that women are ‘weaker’ partners in a marriage, lacking in capacity and competence to make independent decisions. Such notions when reinforced by statutes promote gender stereotypes that are prejudicial to the interest and right to equality of women, and fail to pass the test of strict judicial scrutiny,” the application states. Impugned ordinance strengthens conspiracy theory of Love-Jihad The organization has pointed out that the term ‘Love Jihad’ is often used to stir divisive sentiments and promote archaic and patriarchal notions of ‘honour’ which denude the individual autonomy of women. However, there is no official data available to substantiate the rhetoric and claim that ‘Love Jihad’ is a real and grave phenomenon. It has urged that judicial institutions cannot remain oblivious to the ground realities in the state of Uttar Pradesh, where the rhetoric of ‘Love-Jihad’ has been allowed to run riot and vigilante groups and relatives of young Hindu women have ‘villainized’ Muslim men who have consensual relationships with Hindu women. It is alleged that the impugned ordinance, is a legislative attempt to strengthen the sentiment that marriages solemnized between persons born to different religions are a social evil which is being perpetrated by Muslim men who marry Hindu women, and that the same poses a threat to the Hindu community. It is also argued that the impugned ordinance falls foul of a Division bench judgment in Salamat Ansari v. State of UP & Ors., that recently upheld that the right to life and liberty of two mature individuals in choosing a partner, and their right to freedom of choice irrespective of the religion they choose to profess. Impugned Ordinance is hit by vagueness and overbreadth Apart from giving a broad definition of an ‘aggrieved person’ as discussed above, the organization has submitted that the phrase “any marriage which was done for the sole purpose of unlawful conversion and vice-versa” in Section 6 of the impugned ordinance, is undefined, overbroad and vague, thus open to rampant abuse and misuse, and suffers from the vice of lacking “sufficient definiteness” for a penal provision. Further it is alleged that the impugned Ordinance defines the term “Allurement” in an overbroad manner, bringing within its sweep legitimate and natural aspirations that motivate individual decisions for the purpose of marriage. Inter alia, it is alleged that Section 8(3) of the impugned Ordinance is vague insofar as it does not provide any statutory guideline regarding the scope of the enquiry to be conducted by the District Magistrate. “The said provision states that the District Magistrate shall get an enquiry conducted through the police with regard to the “real intention, purpose and cause” of conversion. However, the impugned Ordinance provides no guidelines as to what intention, surpose and cause is legitimate or illegitimate. It also provides no clarity as to the scope of the power of the District Magistrate to act upon the findings of such an enquiry,” the application states. Conversion vs Reconversion: Unreasonable classification barred by Article 14 It is significant to note that the proviso to Section 3 of the impugned Ordinance lays down that “reconversion” to a person’s previous religion is not illegal, even if it is vitiated by fraud, force, allurement, misrepresentation and so on. The organization has submitted that thus creates an “unreasonable classification” between conversion and reconversion under the said Ordinance, and is thus hit by the vice of arbitrariness under Article 14. “The distinction between conversion and reconversion is not based on any rational classification having a proximate nexus with a legitimate object, and is thus arbitrary in nature. The only permissible classification ought to be between free and voluntary conversion and forced conversion, irrespective of the earlier religion of the person converted,” the application states. It is alleged that the setting of the impugned ordinance leads to an irresistible conclusion that the it seeks to provide legal sanction to the notion of ‘Ghar Wapsi’ propagated by various right wing Hindu organizations in the state. Rights of women in marriage jeopardized, leaving them more vulnerable The organization has submitted that various rights accrue to parties to a marriage when a marriage is solemnized. However, it is alleged that the impugned Ordinance by voiding marriages under Section 6, will result in an anomaly by denial of various rights to parties to a marriage and will make women more vulnerable. In this context it is submitted, “The right to Maintenance is an extremely important right which accrues after marriage to a wif, and is a legal tool embedded in the Code of Criminal Procedure as well as in personal laws to protect the rights of a woman in a marriage. Under the impugned Ordinance, a woman would have no legitimate claim to Maintenance if a marriage is rendered void under Section 6, as she would no longer be a ‘wife’ in the eyes of law. Children born out of wedlock in marriages which are subsequently rendered void by the impugned Ordinance would also suffer social as well as legal impediments to their life, as despite being worn out of wedlock, they would be rendered illegitimate children upon the marriage being declared void.” Procedure prescribed in Section 8 and 9 violates the right to privacy and fails the test of proportionality The application states that the mandatory procedure of declaration set out in Section 8 and 9 of the impugned Ordinance pierces the zone of privacy in which an individual chooses to exercise their right to convert their religion, and makes public the most intimate and private spheres of an individual’s personhood. Reliance is placed on Justice KS Puttaswamy & Ors. v. Union of India & Ors., 2017 10 SCC 1, where it was held that the choice to express one’s religion includes within it the choice to not express it. In this backdrop it is argued that to force an individual to make a public declaration of the choice to convert their religion denies to an individual the right to be silent and the right to be left alone in matters of faith and religion. Exercise of right under Article 25 cannot be declared void or criminalized by impugned Ordinance The Applicant-organization has submitted that voluntary choice to convert one’s religion is protected under Article 25 of the Constitution. However, the same is wrongly declared void and illegal for non-compliance with the administrative procedure laid down under Section 8 and 9 of the impugned Ordinance. “The Constitution of India in Article 21 allows for religion to be practiced in solitude, silently without pubic glare, and the decision of an individual to not make a public declaration of his conversion cannot render the conversion illegal or void, as that militates against the freedom of conscience and the right to liberty of an individual,” the application states. Reversal of burden of proof violates Articles 14 and 21 It is a settled position of law, the organization submits, that in any criminal case, the burden of proof as a general rule shall always be on the prosecution to prove the guilt of the accused person. However, the impugned ordinance presumes every religious conversion to be unlawful and places the burden of proof on the person who has caused or facilitated the conversion to prove that it is not an unlawful conversion. Resisting this the organization has submitted, “The reversal of burden of proof is only permissible when there are some “special facts” within the knowledge of the accused which the accused can easily prove or disprove, and the same has been held to not result in unreasonable curtailment of the rights of the accused. However, in the impugned Ordinance, the burden is placed on an accused who does not have any such special knowledge. The presumption of innocence is a human right which forms the bedrock of criminal jurisprudence and is guaranteed under Article 20…The reversal of burden of proof provided in Section 12 of the impugned Ordinance violates Articles 14 and 21, and deserves to be struck down.” Reliance is placed on Babu v. State of Kerala, (2010) 9 SCC 189, where the Supreme Court has categorically stated that, “The courts must be on guard to see that merely on the application of the presumption, the same may not lead to any injustice or mistaken conviction.” Other grounds State Ordinance cannot prevail over central legislation (Special Marriage Act, Hindu Marriage Act, etc.);Ordinance is passed without any urgency or necessity and amounts to colourable exercise of power and violates the basic structure doctrine;Supreme Court’s decision in Rev. Stainislaus case is distinguishable and does not cover the impugned Ordinance;State is bound by International law obligations to protect human rights, right to choice in marriage, rights of women, etc.;There is no publicly available data which suggests that there has been any increase in the rate of religious conversion in the state of Uttar Pradesh, nor is there any evidence to suggest that ‘Love Jihad’ is a real phenomenon.The impugned ordinance is an affront to core human and fundamental rights and violates inalienable constitutional principles of human dignity, non-discrimination and equality; right to associational and decisional privacy, right to choice, right to marry, freedom of conscience and separation of powers, and is thus ultra vires PART III of the Constitution, and liable to be struck down. The application is filed through Advocates Vrinda Grover, Tanmay Sadh,Soutik Banerjee and Aakarsh Kamra.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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NegOcc guv warns small-scale miners not to abuse permit

first_img“I want to be forthright with you, ourpermit holders. Please bear in mind that the permit given to you is aprivilege, a privilege to use and enjoy our resources, not a license to abuseour finite natural reserves,” Lacson reiterated in his message to theparticipants of the Governor’s Permit Holders’ Forum and Dialogue held at theNegros Residences here Friday. BACOLOD City – Gov. Eugenio Jose Lacson has reminded small-scale miners inNegros Occidental that the permit issued to them by the provincial governmentis a privilege that should not be abused. Regional Director Raul Laput of theDepartment of Environment and Natural Resources-Mines and Geosciences Bureau –Western Visayas discussed his agency’s relevant policy issuances. (With a report from PNA/PN) Lacson said it is time that both thegovernment and the private sector demonstrate that economic growth andprotection of the environment can go together and not be in conflict with eachother. During the forum, the permitholders/stakeholders were informed of the province’s policy direction for theyear 2020 and were also asked to provide inputs on how to improve the permitprocessing and regulations in line with the need to promote responsible miningpractices among mining practitioners in Negros Occidental. Amisola discussed the innovative changesthat have been adopted and the future development strategies to improve theservices related to applying for Governor’s Permit. Lacson commended the ProvincialEnvironment Management Office, headed by lawyer Danilo Amisola, for organizingthe forum and dialogue. “I want to give you my full trust andconfidence, that you will use the grant given to you responsibly and conscientiously,and it is my ardent hope that such trust will always be preserved andrespected,” he added. The governor also acknowledged thepermit holders who have complied with the required fees in full. Some 200 participants, led by NegrosOccidental Miners Permittees Association, Inc. vice president Allan JosephArceo, attended the whole-day gathering, which served as a venue to discuss andaddress pressing issues concerning the sand and gravel and mineral use in theprovince and to strengthen the collaborative participation between governmentagencies and permit holders. “I want to be forthright with you, our permit holders. The permit given to you is a privilege, not a license to abuse our finite natural reserves,” says Gov. Eugenio Jose Lacson of Negros Occidental. NEGROS OCCIDENTAL PIOlast_img read more

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Wellington Fire/EMS weekly report: July 11 to July 17, 2016

first_img12-Jul8:55 AMTransfer to Wichita 14-Jul7:59 AMLift Assist1300 block N. Washington 11-Jul1:28 AMTransfer to Wichita 17-Jul1:12 PMMedical Emergency1300 block N. Washington 11-Jul2:18 PMTransfer to Wichita 11-Jul9:08 PMMedical Trauma2000 block E. 16th 11-Jul12:08 PMMedical Emergency900 block S. US 81 11-Jul12:44 PMInjury AccidentUS 166 & Turnpike Wellington Fire & EMS Weekly Run Log 16-Jul11:37 AMMedical Trauma1400 block Michigan 16-Jul11:26 AMMedical Trauma500 block N. Olive 13-Jul11:16 PMTransfer to Wichita 12-Jul12:30 PMTransfer to Wichita 17-Jul7:50 PMTransfer to Wichita 16-Jul3:50 AMMedical EmergencyUS 166 & Turnpike 16-Jul11:04 AMVehicle Accident300 block S. West Road 12-Jul11:57 PMTransfer to Wichita 11-Jul5:44 AMMedical Emergency2000 block Madisoncenter_img Close Forgot password? Please put in your email: Send me my password! Close message Login This blog post All blog posts Subscribe to this blog post’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Subscribe to this blog’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Follow the discussion Comments Logging you in… Close Login to IntenseDebate Or create an account Username or Email: Password: Forgot login? Cancel Login Close WordPress.com Username or Email: Password: Lost your password? Cancel Login Dashboard | Edit profile | Logout Logged in as Admin Options Disable comments for this page Save Settings You are about to flag this comment as being inappropriate. Please explain why you are flagging this comment in the text box below and submit your report. The blog admin will be notified. Thank you for your input. There are no comments posted yet. Be the first one! Post a new comment Enter text right here! Comment as a Guest, or login: Login to IntenseDebate Login to WordPress.com Login to Twitter Go back Tweet this comment Connected as (Logout) Email (optional) Not displayed publicly. Name Email Website (optional) Displayed next to your comments. Not displayed publicly. If you have a website, link to it here. Posting anonymously. Tweet this comment Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments Comments by IntenseDebate Enter text right here! Reply as a Guest, or login: Login to IntenseDebate Login to WordPress.com Login to Twitter Go back Tweet this comment Connected as (Logout) Email (optional) Not displayed publicly. Name Email Website (optional) Displayed next to your comments. Not displayed publicly. If you have a website, link to it here. Posting anonymously. Tweet this comment Cancel Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments 14-Jul10:59 PMMedical Emergency700 block E. 4th 16-Jul1:36 PMMedical Trauma300 block E. 40th South 17-Jul2:56 PMTransfer to Wichita Sumner Newscow report — The weekly log report for the Wellington Fire/EMS Department for July 11 to July 17, 2016 is as follows: 15-Jul4:57 PMTransfer to Wichita 16-Jul4:35 PMTransfer to Wichita 13-Jul12:49 AMTransfer to Wichita 12-Jul7:38 AMMedical Emergency1100 block N. Washington 12-Jul10:39 AMInvestigate Burning400 block E. 30th Avenue 15-Jul4:53 AMLift Assist500 block N. Olive 13-Jul1:32 AMMedical Emergency1000 block College 15-Jul3:33 PMMedical Emergency700 block South US 81 12-Jul9:46 AMMedical Emergency700 block W. Harvey Follow us on Facebook.Follow us on Twitter. 14-Jul11:39 AMFire Alarm200 block E. 20thlast_img read more

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Everton suffer huge injury blow as Stones ruled out for three months

first_imgEverton have announced defender John Stones is to undergo surgery on his ankle injury and is expected to be sidelined for around three months.The 20-year-old was carried off towards the end of Everton’s 2-1 defeat at Manchester United on Sunday.Roberto Martinez later revealed that Stokes had injured his ankle ligaments, but the Toffees boss was hopeful he would be out of action for only a few weeks.However, the centre-back, who was forced to withdraw from England duty this week, has now been told he needs surgery, ruling him out until the New Year.“We expect him to be out for probably the next 10 to 14 weeks depending on how everything goes,” said Martinez.“It’s a clear injury – not a complicated injury. Obviously, it’s a little bit of a setback because you don’t want to lose any players, but in John’s case we were very worried in the moment that it happened because those injuries can become a little bit difficult to treat.“But this one is going to be straightforward and we are already counting down the days for him to come back and we’ll make sure he comes back stronger and ready for the final and most important part of the season.”Injuries are starting to mount for Martinez as centre-half Sylvain Distin is currently sidelined with injury, full-back Seamus Coleman has not played since mid-September because of a hamstring problem while a similar injury will keep forward Kevin Mirallas out until next month.Midfielder James McCarthy will use the international break, having been left out of the Republic’s squad, to recover from a thigh problem.England mifielder Ross Barkley is progressing well after a knee operation but will not return until next month.Striker Arouna Kone has still to feature in a matchday squad after a knee operation last October. John Stones in action for Everton 1last_img read more

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Extension of the biodiesel tax credit

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The bill included many issues of interest and impact to soybean farmers. However, it didn’t include an extension of the biodiesel tax credit that expired last year.The biodiesel tax credit and other expired temporary credits were not addressed in the comprehensive tax reform bill, but there is an effort to have a separate tax extender package included on another legislative vehicle that could pass before the end of 2017 or early in 2018. The Ohio Soybean Association and the American Soybean Association, as well as the National Biodiesel Board, are working to get the biodiesel tax credit attached to a revenue bill that might be moving through Congress.Soybean farmers have played a leading role in establishing and developing the biodiesel industry. From the first investments made by the soybean industry, biodiesel has grown into a domestic market approaching 3 billion gallons.last_img read more

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The 4 Most Common Geocache Hiding Mistakes

first_imgFollow these four tips and you’ll avoid many of the common hurdles geocache hiders face. And while this is the end of this blog post, it’s not the end of what you need to know. Check out the Hiding Overview before placing a geocache and avoid these pitfalls and create smiles like the one below!This is the “OMG” look we’re aiming for.Share with your Friends:More Make your geocache smile… 4 things to avoid when hiding a geocache(Cough Cough) Hello class, and welcome to a quick installment of the 4 most Common Geocache Hiding Mistakes. Why read on? It’s like knowing the four common routes where there’s a bridge out, or heavy road construction, or a locust migration. These are all mistakes a new hider doesn’t have to make. Let’s learn together and if at any point you’d like to know more, check out the Hiding Overview for all you need to know.Here are the four guidelines that potential cache owners most commonly overlook:1) Choose an Appropriate LocationThink like a non-geocacher and ask yourself, “Self, am I placing this geocache somewhere where it could be mistaken for something dangerous?” Also ask yourself if geocache hunting behavior (i.e. looking through bushes) might draw attention in sensitive areas, like schools. And make sure you know whether or not geocaches are allowed in that location. Some areas require a permit, are private property, or don’t allow geocaching altogether. Ask a land manager or owner for permission when needed.2) Consider Proximity to Other GeocachesGeocaches must be at least 1/10 mile or 528 feet (161 meters) apart. Check the area for other geocaches before settling on a spot. There’s a great new planning map tool to help you, with red circles showing places that are already blocked by another geocache. It won’t tell you about secret locations, but it will catch a lot of the locations that have already been taken.3) Avoid Commercialization/AgendasGeocaches cannot be commercial or used to publicize an agenda. Sometimes people get tripped up by the commercial guideline unintentionally. There are lots of platforms that you can use to get the word out about your important cause or a business that you really (really) like, but geocaches are not an appropriate platform for that.4) Don’t Damage PropertyTelephone poles and stop signs seem like they are public property because they are so familiar, but they are the property of the city or utility company. Don’t damage things in the environment. Screwing or drilling into a live tree creates an pathway for insects and disease. Never bury a geocache, even partway. If you have to make a hole in the ground, it’s not OK. SharePrint RelatedPadlocks, RFID chips, and secret briefcases: an interview with a geocaching maniacMarch 12, 2019In “Geocaching Weekly Newsletter”Groundspeak Weekly Newsletter – April 4, 2012April 4, 2012In “Groundspeak’s Weekly Newsletter”Be a better hiderAugust 21, 2018In “News”last_img read more

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IT Poll: Does Your Company Use a Dedicated Idea Management Tool?

first_imgRon Shulkin, VP of the Americas at CogniStreamer, recently wrote a blog post titled “Trust me: You do NOT want to go through your company’s idea list manually.” Shulkin makes the case against using a basic electronic idea box for ideation, or shoehorning ideas into existing tools, instead of an application dedicated to managing ideas.“Without a proper mechanism for automatic idea promotion, someone is going to end up with a thousand ideas on their desk and have to filter them manually,” Shulkin writes. “They’ll have to read them all, sort through them, put them into categories, combine similar ones, somehow score them, rank them and decide which ones are the best.” The result is that the person in charge of filtering through all these ideas won’t be able to do a very good job, good ideas won’t be implemented and people will be discouraged from submitting ideas.How do you gather ideas at work? Are you using an idea management platform, dropping ideas into a box, or dealing with it all through e-mail or a forum? 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now IT + Project Management: A Love Affair klint finley Tags:#enterprise#Products Related Posts Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… For more on the case for idea management, check out Shulkin’s article “Is now the time for idea management?“ Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of…last_img read more

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Home Ministry denies recommending Dhyan Chand’s name for Bharat Ratna

first_imgDhyan Chand The Home Ministry on Tuesday denied that it had recommended hockey legend Dhyan Chand’s name for the Bharat Ratna. “There is no discussion regarding this in the government. The stories in media have no basis,” Union minister Venkaiah Naidu said.Earlier in the day, there were reports that the Sports Ministry has recommended the hockey legend’s name for India’s highest honour.According to sources in the PMO, suggestions for various names have come in while the final decision is yet to be taken.Dhyan Chand had won three Olympic gold medals for hockey for India between 1928 and 1936. The Manmohan Singh-led UPA government made the last minute, but vital, change to ignore hockey wizard Dhyan Chand for the Bharat Ratna by replacing the hockey great’s candidature with that of cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar, who retired from Test cricket last year.The dishonour meted out to Chand is visible in the mail trail, accessed by Headlines Today, involving the Prime Minister’s Office which show how the government snubbed Dhyan Chand to favour Sachin, no doubt two greats.On July 16 last year, the then Sports Minister Jitendra Singh recommended the hockey legend’s name for the Bharat Ratna which was acknowledged by former PM Manmohan Singh nine days later. The internal PMO note reveals Dhyan Chand’s name was making rounds for the award till early August 2013. This was possible due to an amendment in 2011 to the law which made sportspersons eligible for the country’s highest honour.last_img read more

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November 17 2008 We had a twoday visit of 55 arc

first_imgNovember 17, 2008 We had a two-day visit of 55 architecture students of the We had a two-day visit of 55 architecture students of the Instituto Techologico De Tijuana. The students arrived Saturday evening and filled our dorm spaces to capacity. This visit to Arcosanti is part of their study of the philosophy of Architecture. An extended tour of the Arcosanti site took place on Sunday morning and during the afternoon the students had a chance to explore the unique landscape around the site. For information on group bookings please contact Carri Krueger, our guest services coordinator. [Photo & text: sa]last_img read more

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