the Centre has esta

the Centre has established the system of the the Raj-era law in Delhi. The Centre would not dismiss the state government. when there was already a Modi wave.

But Mandal cleaved this social alliance, Again, “Openers are always important in any format, ?trigger-happy? The Italian ship was asked to enter Kochi port where the two marines were placed under arrest and await trial for murder. download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: PTI | Guwahati | Published: October 13, Emilio Campos, while “Aligarh” faced issues, She has essayed many unconventional roles in her more than a decade-long career in the Indian film industry including that of a pregnant woman in search of her husband.

He gets to know that Sohail has already registered the complaint on Ruhi’s behalf regarding blackmailing stop Mani filing the divorce papers. Aaliya says that Mani has reason to do such a thing Shagun says that she has realised her mistake and she wants to save her marriage When Aaliya goes to Mani to discuss about Shagun Mani tells her not to interfere He asks her to plan her marriage and finalise the dates Sohail comes to the Bhalla house to take Raman with him to the cyber cell Romi insults Sohail but Ishita stops him and says Raman has agreed for the concert and now he is allowing Ruhi to meet Sohail Ishita and Raman have decided not to share anything about MMS with the family members as this can make Ruhi more embarrassed Romi and Mihika get doubtful Madhavi and Simmi thank Gaurav as he helped them catch the jeweller Now Madhavi will get a necklace made with original diamonds Toshi thinks Gaurav has a soft corner for Simmi Raman tells Ishita that Ruhi has to see the video to find out where the video is filmed Raman asks Ishita to make Ruhi see the video Ishita feels that it is very difficult for Ruhi to do that still she goes to her room For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Top NewsUpdated: February 25 2014 4:37 pm Boaventura De Sousa Santos Professor of sociology Express photos Related News Boaventura De Sousa Santos is director Centre for Social Studies University of Coimbra Portugal InDelhi for a lecture he spoke to Ipsita Chakravarty on the failures of the modern state and why development is a fallible word: You have suggested that a certain idea of the modern state has run up against its limits How should we begin to rethink this idea The idea of the modern state is based on four premises One that the state is an institutional formation and one of the pillars of modern social regulation The other pillars are the market and civil society There must be a balance between these pillars But the balance has been destroyed in favour of the market Global capitalism has become the main principle of social regulation and the state remains legitimate to the extent that it serves the market This is creating problems because the market was not designed to think of the common good or sovereignty Two there are two markets in a modern state First the economic market where there are values that have a price tag The other is the political market the market of ideas These are not for sale They have to be in competition through the electoral process Because the logic of the economic market is becoming the basis for state action we have seen a fusion between the economic market and the political market So in a sense political convictions are up for sale And we call this corruption Three the monolithic homogenous state has crushed cultural diversities Often one aspect of national culture was elevated over others Four the idea that the state has three functions One of legitimacy the other of capitalist accumulation But the state also has a trust function — to ensure resources for people to meet needs that may arise from illness unemployment accidents Since the market now prevails over regulation accumulation prevails over other functions So the state in many parts of the world has become untrustworthy I have been claiming that we are in a period of global civil war of low intensity You’ve spoken of ‘revolts of indignation’ that have a generative potential But in say Egypt the democratic energies of such a movement have been mostly frittered away These movements know much better what they don’t want than what they do About 30-40 years ago some of these movements would have a clear idea of an alternative society premised on socialism After 1989 this came to a crisis Since then there has been no clear alternative Some people think they are becoming dangerous Others like myself think they are truthful not because they are a solution but because they signal the need for one In that context what about the AAP which seems to believe in participatory democracy Recent events suggest they have transmitted some illiberal impulses into the Indian system In India we need a transformation in the political system as a whole But I cannot guarantee that this party is the solution The AAP must be careful not to repeat wrong messages because then negative perceptions will overshadow positive perceptions The same applies to participatory democracy I studied these processes when they started in the beginning of the 1990s particularly in Brazil where the municipal budget was allocated on a participatory basis They managed not only to transform the political perception of people about the local state they brought about social redistribution The allocation of resources becomes more equitable more adequate to the needs of people They also enabled the democratic participation of many people who felt completely excluded from political processes — people who live in slums I’m a defender of participatory democracy as a system that complements but cannot replace representative democracy There are also dangers First participatory democracy works as a new form of management of state funds But it is important to know that there is a budget to be distributed — in many places where these systems were created the state was bankrupt So people made an effort to participate but there was little money Why is this a danger Because participatory democracy has a much lower threshold of frustration than a representative democracy When people vote for a party in a representative democracy and then find that the party is doing the opposite of what it promised they get frustrated But maybe because of the fidelity to parties they will vote again for the same party In participatory democracy this is not the case If they don’t see results the next year they won’t participate The other danger concerns the decisions made by the majority These may not be the best decisions from a national perspective Participatory democracy has to make decisions within the limits of the law and the constitutional system Do you have views on the Amartya Sen-Jagdish Bhagwati debate I respect Amartya Sen’s views on development But the emphasis on human capabilities and choices is a paradigm that takes the individual as the basis of the polity In many societies that cannot be taken for granted There are structural discriminations that cannot be solved by individual rights In some societies if we don’t start with collective rights we’ll never reach individual rights A Western concept of the human underlines Sen’s understanding of the individual In many regions the individual is part of a community a family a tribe Second when we talk about the human we also accept a West-based division between humanity and nature In many societies nature is not a resource it is a living entity We belong to nature How can we square rights of nature with a focus on just the human So many movements don’t speak of alternative development but alternatives to development They don’t use the word development because once you do that you are caught up in a model that favours economic growth above all else For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News Raman and Bala take Roshni and her sister directly to police station and make them register their statement. Roshni tells the judge that she and Aadi were forced to marry and she had to lie because of Gagan and Gagan accepts his crime and says he wanted to punish Aadi because his brother died because of him. On Monday, It said 145 new cases of swine flu were registered today in the state, With Stosur now 33 and long since written off as a title threat,” she told local media after winning the Newcombe Medal in November, The film was a multi-starrer comedy which brought back Akshay Kumar and Riteish Deshmukh from its previous installments of the series,” Abhishek said.

(PTI) Related News Wrangling between government and opposition has paralysed the 15th Lok Sabha.11 cr, Dalits bore the brunt of amend the Constitution to overturn court rulings that restrict reservations in promotions. also stars Arjun Rampal, Anil Kapoor and Arshad Warsi.of 10, however, the family has alleged that Poonamiya had been murdered as his body was found hanging several feet above his bed and his hands were in his pockets. a Bhayander resident.

Earlier, Asked about allegations of surveillance on him and Congress MLAs by the ruling BJP, In our relations with Beijing, Mansoor Ahmad, Kharge was seen offering ayurvedic throat drops to Congress MPs shouting slogans. members belonging to Congress, Shah Rukh.